During the 19th C., the Industrial Revolution and technical advances from the modern era led to the massive use of glass in architectural constructions, which contributed to the transparency of volumes as well as t
Roberto Cantoni, Oil exploration, Diplomacy, and Security in the Early Cold War: The Enemy Underground (New York: Routledge, 2017)
Katayoun Shafiee, Machineries of Oil: An Infrastructural History of BP in Iran (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2018).
At its birth in 1924 the French state endowed the Compagnie Française des Pétroles (CFP) with a quarter share of the Turkish (later Iraq) Petroleum Company. A joint venture between the big four American and British oil companies, IPC struck oil in Iraq three years later.
Energy is a rich concept that can analyze much of the evolution of societies over time.